Digital tachograph rules and a tachograph with a printout

Digital tachograph rules made easy

Digital tachograph rules and tachograph device in a truck cabFor both HGV drivers and O-licence operators, a lack of knowledge about digital tachograph rules is unlikely to be sufficient as an excuse for non-compliance.

That’s not to suggest that tachograph rules are easy to understand. They certainly are difficult to take in at first glance; see the full text of the EU tachograph rules. To make it even more complicated, drivers are also bound by the Road Transport (Working Time) Regulations of 2005.

So we have decided to assemble a brief guide to the most important aspects of these tachograph rules for drivers and truck fleet staff – but do rely on the full rules when making decisions. Here we go: live tachograph data

1) Tachograph Rules – Maximum Driving Hours

The daily maximum driving hours is set to 9 hours but this can be exceeded to 10 hours twice each week.

The weekly maximum driving hours can total no more than 56 hours.

The maximum two-weekly driving limit is 90 hours over any two-week period.

2) Tachograph Rules – Breaks

The driver must take at least 45 minutes of breaks every 4.5 hours of driving unless they take a rest period. This may be a single 45-minute break or a single 15-minute break followed by a single 30-minute break.

3) Tachograph Rules – Minimum Rest Each Day

A driver must be given at least 11 consecutive hours of rest each day. If a vehicle is equipped with a compliant bunk, some or all of this rest may be taken in the vehicle if it is stationary.

Alternatively, the rest period may be split into two periods, one of at least 3 hours followed by another of at least 9 hours.

This daily rest may be curtailed to only 9 hours in total, on three occasions between any two weekly rest periods.

All daily rests must be completed within 24 hours of the end of the previous daily or weekly rest.

A daily rest period may be taken on a train or ferry journey of not less than 11 hours, but it may be interrupted not more than twice by activities not exceeding a total of one hour. The driver must have access to a couchette or bunk for the entire period.

If double-manning, a driver must take a new daily rest of not less than 9 hours within 30 hours of the end of the last daily or weekly rest period. The presence of the backup driver is only optional for the first hour of driving; after that, it is compulsory.

4) Tachograph Rules – Minimum Rest Each Week

Each week, a driver must be given a rest of at least 45 (regular weekly rest) or 24 hours (reduced weekly rest). This must begin no later than the end of 6 consecutive 24-hour days from the end of that driver’s last weekly rest. In any 2-week period, a driver must get at least one 45 hour rest and one 24 hour rest. A rest that stretches across two 1-week periods may be counted towards either week, but not both.

Any reductions in weekly rest must be compensated for by adding the missed hours to another rest block (which started at no less than 9 hours) and must be given before the end of the third week.

5) Non-Tachograph Rules – Additional Requirements of the Road Transport Regulations

  • Maximum working time cannot exceed 60 hours in a single week and must average no more than 48 hours per week.
  • Night work cannot occupy more than 10 hours of every 24 unless a collective workforce agreement is in place.
  • Breaks must take place at least every 6 consecutive hours -30 minutes for 6 hours or 45 minutes for 9, and taken in increments of no less than 15 minutes each.
  • Records must be kept for 2 weeks after the end of each designated period.

When can you drive without a tacho card? Find out in our blog post here.

In October 2017, Blue Tree Systems was acquired by ORBCOMM, a world-class transportation management solution provider with the most advanced and user-friendly ELD/HOS solution on the market for medium to large sized fleets.